Jan Feb 2020 is in process..
Business, Economics and Management
Effect of Firm Size On Financial Performance of Manufacturing Firms Listed in Nairobi Stock Exchange
Iyanda Kamoru Ahmed and Mohammed Ibrahim Bare, Nigeria
Abstract: This paper focuses on women and politics in Nigeria. It is a well-known fact that women all over the world are catalysts for development and change. Yet in the study of twentieth century Nigerian political history, the role of women has tended to be regarded as insignificant (Olojede, 1990). In fact, it has been 'relegated to the footnotes' (Mba, 1997). This is because the public domain has traditionally been associated with men, and the private with women. Women have only been marginally involved in the public, formal process of government and they did not generally hold positions of visible political authority. So, as Mba rightly argues, their political activity in the period had consisted mainly of attempts to obtain influence over those who heldsuch authority. Although this, in itself, is a form of political power, it is indirect. It is not as strong as the access to political participation which women had through a 'complex and sophisticated network of relationships, rights and control of resources'.
Identifying Helminthes Infection in Dairy Calves Reared by Smallholder Farmers in Central Areas of Ethiopia
Beksisa Urge, Markos Tadele, Tamirat Siyoum, Ethiopia
Abstract: Subclinical GIT parasites are one of the major health constraints of calf growth and are associated with tremendous economic losses in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional and clinical investigation was carried out in urban and peri-urban dairy farms in different central areas of Oromia to determine GIT helminthes infection rate and its potential risk factors in dairy calves. Accordingly, 157 dairy calves were clinically examined and purposively sampled for the study of GIT helminthes. The results from data analysis indicated that about 38.9 % (N=61) of the dairy calves were found to harbor one or more parasite species. The dominant GIT parasites encountered were mixed infection (19.7%), Ascaris (15.9%) and Coccidia (1.34%) respectively. The highest proportion of parasites was recorded in the calves of welmera district (19.1%) followed by calves of Adea berga district (14%) and the lowest proportion were recorded in the district of Muka Turi calves (3.2%). Furthermore, the risk factor analysis indicated that there was higher occurrence of GIT helminthes in male calves (51.01%) than female calves (42.1%). The result also showed higher occurrence of GIT helminthes during the wet season (41.1%) than dry season (33.02%). The risk of acquiring GIT helminthes in male calves was relatively higher (OR=0.61) than female calves (OR=0.61, 95% CI=0.490-1.020). There was significant difference (p< 0.05) in harboring either a single or mixed parasites between the sex of calves. Beside this, seasonal variation significantly influenced the occurrence of GIT helminthes in dairy calves. In conclusion, the study showed that various parasites were prevalent in the study districts. Therefore, GIT parasites control and prevention will depend on instituting the availability of potent drugs against the parasites per area.
Van Ha NGUYEN and Nam Quoc DANG, Vietnam
Abstract: Education and training are becoming a decisive factor in the rapid and sustainable development of each country. Improving the quality service of education and training will contribute to improving the quality of the country's human resources in the future. The satisfaction of the learner about the quality of service provided is one of the determinants of the existence and development of the educational unit. The research summarizes the relevant theoretical and empirical research on the factors affecting the training service quality at high schools in Vietnam. By using the methods of analysis - synthesis and econometrics, the authors conclude that 5 groups of factors provided objective assessments of students on the quality of training based on the: "curriculum", "teaching staff", "facilities", "school services", “association and cooperation for development”. The author proposes solutions to improve the training quality of high schools.
Adebayo Shereefdeen Kunle, Nigeria
Abstract: The paper empirically examines the co-integration and causality between oil price volatility and trade balance in Nigeria. The Granger causality test within the Vector Error-Correction Model (VECM) was conducted to examine the direction of causality. The secondary quarterly data covering the period of 1990Q1 and 2014Q4 were employed. The results show the existence of short-run unidirectional causality running from oil price volatility to trade balance, from real exchange rate to trade balance and from trade balance to inflation rate in Nigeria. At the same time, a long-run bidirectional causal relation is also found running from oil price volatility, real exchange rate and inflation rate to trade balance, and from trade balance, oil price volatility and real exchange rate to inflation rate. The findings show that overreliance on crude oil by Nigeria as the main export commodity will continue to subject the country’s trade balance position to fluctuations in the price of crude oil at the world market. Moreover, floating exchange rate policy may also affect Nigeria’s trade position adversely being an economy that imports factually everything she consumes
Diena Dwidienawati, Indonesia
Abstract: The capacity to innovate is a key to competitive advantage. The successful transformation of Japan, Korea and India from merely with imitative capability to move up to value chain into advance innovation capability was reviewed. Based on the case of Japan, Korea and India, we can identify four factors play key role in the development of innovation capability. The first one is government involvement. The second one is the availability of competence human resources. The third one is financial capability. The fourth one is sizeable domestic market. Two moderating factor are identified. The first one is exposure to the outside world and the second one is turning point or crisis.